Ecological revolution in Burkina Faso
In Burkina Faso, on the edge of the Sahara, more and more farmers are following the precepts of agro-ecology to bring life back to land threatened by desertification.
With few resources and at no extra cost, this form of agriculture attentive to natural balances provides spectacular solutions to restore the fertility of the soil, but also to improve yields, manage water supplies better, make the country self-sufficient in food production, limit rural flight and restore a less dry climate in this region of the Sahel.
Texts : Guillaume Jan | Photography : Jérômine Derigny
A land threatened by desertification
For several decades, the desert has been encroaching on the Sahel. Woodcutting and soil exhaustion has rendered once fertile land arid. This loss of vegetation cover has serious consequences for the climate, which becomes hotter and drier. And yet, in this region were the population doubles every thirty years, the human pressure is impoverishing the soil at an alarming rate: over-grazing, abusive deforestation to obtain fuel for cooking or provide more land for crops, poor farming practice and recurrent droughts are also causing the erosion of arable land. The result is that nature’s ecological balance is threatened even more. All of this is seriously jeopardising the food security of countries like Burkina Faso, even though 85% of its population live off the land.