Although Indonesia has the third largest tropical forest on the planet, after Brazil and the Democratic Republic of Congo, the country is now world champion in deforestation. Over the period 2000-2012, over 60,000 km2 of jungle were razed, mainly due to the activities of the paper pulp industry, the trade in precious woods and above all the development of oil palm plantations, with Indonesia now the largest producer of palm oil in the world. Not only is deforestation considerably reducing biodiversity on this archipelago of 17,000 islands, but it is also accelerating the discharge of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere at an alarming rate. Land clearance, in particular by burning off the vegetation, has made Indonesia the world’s third largest emitter of greenhouse gases, after China and the United States. Thanks to its carbon emissions, Indonesia is therefore the third biggest contributor to climate destabilisation.